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In 2015, flows of money sent by residents of the European Union (EU) to a non-EU country, referred to as personal transfers, amounted to €31.3 billion, compared with €29.9 bn in 2014. As inflows to the EU totalled slightly less than €11.0 bn in 2015, this resulted in a negative balance (-€20.4 bn) for the EU with the rest of the world. The majority of personal transfers consist of flows of money sent by migrants to their country of origin.
The proportion of low-wage earners among employees amounted to 17.2% in 2014 in the European Union (EU). This means that they earned two-thirds or less of their national median gross hourly earnings.
There are large differences between genders and age groups regarding the proportion of low-wage earners. In the EU in 2014, 21.1% of female employees were low-wage earners, compared with 13.5% of male employees. Moreover, almost a third (30.1%) of employees aged less than 30 were low wage earners, compared with 14% or less for age groups between 30 and 59.
While slightly over three-quarters (76.0%) of those aged 15 or over living in the European Union (EU) were non-smokers in 2014, 19.2% smoked any kind of tobacco products on a daily basis and a further 4.7% on an occasional basis. In other words, nearly 1 in every 4 persons (24.0%) aged 15 or over in the EU was a current smoker in 2014. The share of current smokers differs between genders, with a higher proportion of men (28.7%) smoking than women (19.5%) in the EU in 2014.
Seasonally adjusted GDP rose by 0.3% in the euro area (EA19) and by 0.4% in the EU28 during the third quarter of 2016, compared with the previous quarter, according to an estimate published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In the second quarter of 2016, GDP also grew by 0.3% and 0.4% respectively.
In October 2016 compared with September 2016, the seasonally adjusted volume of retail trade rose by 1.1% in the euro area (EA19) and by 1.2% in the EU28, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In September the retail trade volume decreased by 0.4% in the euro area and by 0.2% in the EU28.
In October 2016, compared with September 2016, industrial producer prices rose by 0.8% in the euro area (EA19) and by 1.0% in the EU28, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In September 2016 prices increased by 0.1% in both zones.
A quarter (25.3%) of the population aged 16 or over in the European Union (EU) reported long-standing limitations, i.e. some or severe long-standing limitation in usual activities due to health problems in 2015. This means that they feel limited in performing everyday activities, such as studying at school, occupational activities, housekeeping or participating in leisure activities for six months or longer.
The euro area (EA19) seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 9.8% in October 2016, down from 9.9% in September 2016 and from 10.6% in October 2015. This is the lowest rate recorded in the euro area since July 2009. The EU28 unemployment rate was 8.3% in October 2016, down from 8.4% in September 2016 and from 9.1% in October 2015. This is the lowest rate recorded in the EU28 since February 2009. These figures are published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
13.0% of the population aged 16 or over living in the European Union (EU) reported in 2014 not being able to get together with friends/family for a drink or meal at least once a month due to lack of resources, while 17.8% could not afford to regularly participate in a leisure activity.
Euro area annual inflation is expected to be 0.6% in November 2016, up from 0.5% in October 2016, according to a flash estimate from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
In 2015, the Member States of the European Union (EU) spent all together almost €300 billion on Research & Development (R&D). The R&D intensity, i.e. R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP, stood at 2.03% in 2015, compared with 2.04% in 2014. Ten years ago (2005), R&D intensity was 1.74%.
In 2015, households in the European Union (EU) devoted nearly a quarter of their total consumption expenditure to "housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels". This represents a total spending of almost €2 000 bn (equivalent to 13.4% of EU GDP) and is by far the most significant expenditure of EU households.
The economic accounts for agriculture show that total agricultural output in the European Union (EU) stood at €411.2 billion at basic prices in 2015, down by 1.8% compared with 2014. In 2015, the equivalent of 60% of the value of agricultural output generated was spent on intermediate consumption (input goods and services), while gross value added (i.e. the value of output minus the value of intermediate consumption) was the equivalent of 40% (or €164.6 bn).
Out of all persons in the European Union (EU) who were unemployed in the first quarter 2016, 63.2% (12.6 million persons) remained unemployed in the second quarter 2016, while 19.5% (3.9 million) moved into employment and 17.3% (3.5 million) towards economic inactivity. Economically inactive individuals are those neither employed nor unemployed. Examples are students, pensioners and housewives or -men, provided that they are not working at all and not available or looking for work either.
The overall tax-to-GDP ratio, meaning the sum of taxes and net social contributions as a percentage of GDP, stood at 40.0% in the European Union (EU) in 2015, stable compared with 2014. In the euro area, tax revenue accounted in 2015 for 41.4% of GDP, slightly down from 41.5% in 2014. This is the first time since its low point in 2010 that the tax-to-GDP ratio in both zones did not increase.
On the occasion of the 18th European Union – Ukraine summit, which takes place on 24 November in Brussels, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, issues some data on trade in goods between Ukraine and the EU. These data cover the period before provisional application of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) part of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement began on 1 January 2016.
Sustainable development aims to achieve a continuous improvement in citizens’ quality of life and well-being. This involves the pursuit of economic progress, while safeguarding the natural environment and promoting social justice. For these reasons, sustainable development is a fundamental and overarching objective of the European Union (EU). Since 2005 and up to 2015, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, has produced biennial monitoring reports of the EU sustainable development strategy, based on the EU set of sustainable development indicators.
Last year, 26 100 people died in road accidents in the European Union (EU). While this represented a small increase compared with 2014 (+0.5%), the trend over the last 20 years has been a fall in the number of road traffic victims in the EU. Compared with 1995, the number of road fatalities has been reduced by almost 38 000 persons (-59.2%), from nearly 64 000 to slightly over 26 000 in 2015.
The EU28 seasonally adjusted current account of the balance of payments recorded a surplus of €13.3 bn in September 2016, compared with surpluses of €13.1 bn in August 2016 and €13.5 bn in September 2015, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Euro area annual inflation was 0.5% in October 2016, up from 0.4% in September. In October 2015 the rate was 0.1%. European Union annual inflation was 0.5% in October 2016, up from 0.4% in September. A year earlier the rate was 0.0%. These figures come from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.